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POLAND

Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative provinces called voivodeships. Poland has a population of 38 million and is the fifth-most populous member state of the European Union.

Capital. Warsaw is a major cultural, political, and economic hub, and the country's seat of government. Warsaw is the nation's capital and largest metropolis, the leading economic and financial hub of Central Europe. Other major cities include Kraków, Wrocław, Łódź, Poznań, Gdańsk, and Szczecin.

Climate. Poland is characterized by warm summers, with a mean temperature of around 20 °C (68.0 °F) in July, and moderately cold winters averaging −1 °C (30.2 °F) in December.

Neighbors. The country is bordered by Lithuania and Russia to the northeast, Belarus and Ukraine to the east, Slovakia and the Czech Republic to the south, and Germany to the west. It also shares maritime boundaries with Denmark and Sweden.




Economy and political structure. Poland is a parliamentary republic, with its bicameral legislature comprising the Sejm and the Senate. It is a developed market and a high-income. Considered a middle power, Poland has the sixth largest economy in the European Union. The largest component of Poland's economy is the service sector (62.3.%), followed by industry (34.2%) and agriculture (3.5%). It provides high standards of living, safety, and economic freedom, as well as free university education and a universal health care system. Poland is a founding member state of the United Nations, as well as a member of the World Trade Organization, NATO, and the European Union (including the Schengen Area).

Currency. While Poland joined the European Union in 2004, the country doesn’t use the Euro. Instead, Poland continues to use its own national currency, the złoty, which dates right back to the 14th century. ATM machines are everywhere and most accepting all major credit and debit card types.

Architecture. The country has 17 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 15 of which are cultural. The architecture of Poland reflects European architectural styles, with strong historical influences derived from Italy, Germany, and the Low Countries.

Transport. The country is part of the EU's Schengen Area and is an important transport hub along neighboring Germany due to its strategic position in Central Europe. Poland has several international airports, the largest of which is Warsaw Chopin Airport, with a distance of 330 km from Rzeszow City.

Language. Polish is the official and predominant spoken language in Poland, and is one of the official languages of the European Union. Around 32% of Polish citizens declared knowledge of the English.

Religion. 87.6% of all Polish citizens adhere to the Roman Catholic Church. Poland is one of the most religious countries in Europe, where Roman Catholicism remains a criterion of national identity. Freedom of religion in Poland is guaranteed by the Constitution.




Subcarpathian Voivodship

Subcarpathian region (Województwo podkarpackie) is located in southeastern Poland. The territory of Subcarpathian region consists of 21 counties (districts) and 4 cities with the rights of the county. Rzeszów is the administrative centre of the region. Almost half of Subcarpathian region territory is covered with forests that are located within protected areas on the state or local levels. That is the main reason of air pollution in Subcarpathian region being one of the lowest in Poland. This therefore creates favorable conditions for recreation of people with respiratory deseases, as well as for the development of health resort tourism.

The region is one of the safest in Poland, the centre of Rzeszow can easily be explored on foot. You can also rent a bike from one of the bike stands, since the city has a pretty well developed bike path system. There are regular bus services operating to the newer part of town and the suburbs. Rzeszów–Jasionka Airport (RZE/EPRZ) is an international airport located in a village ten kilometres (6.2 mi) from the center of the city of Rzeszów. It is the eighth-busiest airport in Poland.

The capital of Podkarpackie Province has nearly 220 thousand inhabitants. In terms of number of students Rzeszow places first in the European Union (for every 1000 inhabitants there are 353 students). The average age of the inhabitants of the city is 39, so Rzeszow is often called the city of the young. Rzeszow is a place highly valued by its residents in terms of quality of life. They openly acknowledge that it is a clean, safe, convenient city, which provides life-time stability and satisfaction coming from personal and professional development. Rzeszow is a place of numerous festivals and cultural events.

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Stalowa Wola, Poland